WORLD AGAINST CHILD LABOUR
THE ILLITERATES OF 21ST CENTURY ARE THE ONES THAT CAN READ & WRITE.
JUNE 12th is observed to raise awareness of plight of child labourers world wide. Millions of children around to world are affected who aren’t even aware of their basic human rights, retarding their physical and mental development. Highlighting this fact, International Labour Organisation(ILO) has called for attention to this major problem since 2002. Each year world leaders from various governments, employers & workers organisation come together to address this problem and focus the attention to take effective action against different forms of child labour.
Child labour is not just rampant in developing and under-developed countries alone but also noticed in developed nations as well. There have been number of incidents where the big corporate houses/companies exploit child labourers from developing countries to save production costs. Not just this, poverty, lack of good educational institutions and growth of informal economy are some of the reasons why child labour is widespread in the developing/underdeveloped countries.
It is estimated to have 215 million child labourers in the world – 115 million of which are involved in hazardous work environment. To combat this problem, ILO initiated WORLD DAY AGAINST CHILD LABOUR.
CHILD LABOUR IN INDIA:
Govt. of India has passed a law on prohibition of Child Labour, 1986 and made no. of amendments that apply to our dynamic environment :
- Prohibit employing children below 14 years (except family businesses).
- Compulsory education & free education for children below 14 years as per RTE act, 2009
- Prohibit employment in hazardous occupations (Such as mining, inflammable substances & explosives, chemical industries, etc..).
- Violation of these rules is a cognizable offence attracting jail term upto 2 years and a penalty upto Rs. 50,000/- or more.
- Provision for creating rehabilitation for children that are affected.
- Periodic checks by the govt. organisations across various industries.
We have to strike balance between education & India’s economic reality keeping in view of the conditions & it is necessary to fight back and support families who live below poverty line.
Sustainable Development Goals(SDG’s) adopted by world leaders in 2015 should be renewed and must take committed effort in ending child labour. It calls for the global community to take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, modern day slavery and human trafficking.
This year, the World Day Against Child Labour and the World Day for Safety and Health at Work shines a spotlight on the global need to improve the safety and health of young workers and end child labour overall.